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Helpful Homework Strategies for Students with Learning Disabilities

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Homework has been generally recognized as one element of the curriculum playing an important part in a child’s academic success. By its means, teachers provide students with additional instruction time, help them reinforce their understanding of the concepts they have been learning is class and develop useful self-study skills. In a way, it is also how teachers make sure parents are aware of their kids’ academic progress. Children with disabilities who study by the general education curriculum usually have their classroom learning time adjusted to their special needs. Experts say the same accommodations should be introduced for their homework doing process.

Most students who have learning disabilities find themselves struggling to do their homework without adults who could supervise them and answer their questions. Thus, it is teacher’s job to make certain accommodations for such students to feel more confident when learning on their own. There are a few effective strategies that will help improve homework results for students who are learning disabled:

1.Assigning clear and skill-appropriate tasks.

A homework assignment should not be too much of a challenge for students with disabilities. Rather it should be a follow-up on what they have learnt in class. If the assignment is very difficult or takes too much time to be done, students might get disinterested or oppose to doing it.

Here are a few things a teacher can do to ensure better homework outcomes:

  • • Assign homework that is broken into small units.
  • • Give clear step-by-step instructions.
  • • Periodically remind students of due dates for assignments.
  • • At the beginning of a new school year, clearly explain to students how you will assign and collect homework.
  • • Give students their homework right after the class starts.
  • • Provide examples of how to do a particular assignment, let them partly do in in class.

2.Accommodate homework to students’ individual learning needs.

Provide personalized homework tips for students and people who’ll be helping them. Make yourself available to answer any students or parents’ questions and provide one-on-one assistance. Do not limit students to completing their homework in only one format. If it is a written assignment but a student feels more comfortable talking, allow them to audiotape their homework. Consider assigning a peer tutor to the student with learning disabilities to help them with homework.

3.Teach students with disabilities useful study skills.

Homework is all the more challenge for students who do not have effective study skills in their arsenal. Be it a general or special education student, especially the latter, having basic study and organizational skills can make a huge difference.

Here is how a teacher can help students become more efficient homework-doers:

  • • Teach students to identify distraction-free locations for doing their homework.
  • • Teach students to organize homework materials in the order they’ll be needing them.
  • • Help them develop a detailed plan for completing assignments that are of multi-tasking nature.
  • • Make sure students understand where to seek help if they need it.

4.Using a homework planner to keep track of all assignments.

Students who have disabilities can greatly benefit from having additional organizational support in the shape of calendars, schedulers etc. Using those, they can monitor their work and keep track of all their assignments. It is also a great way for teachers and parents to stay in touch, helping kids perform well.

Students can develop their own homework calendar and decorate it in any way they like. Such calendar should contain a space for students to write down their homework assignments and a place for teachers and parents to exchange comments. Students can take such planners home for parents to review and then bring them back to school.

Yet, the most important one of all efforts aimed to help children with disabilities effectively complete their homework is clear and continuous communication between all adults involved. It is vital to discuss with parents all requirements for homework completion that a student should meet, voice mutual expectations and concerns.


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